Tokyo, the capital and the largest city of Japan, is home to almost 20 million people. But why do most Japanese chose to reside within the Tokyo region? Is it because of work opportunities? Or perhaps for economic reasons? The answer lies in Japan’s unique geographical features.
Japan is an archipelagic country located north of the Pacific Ocean and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The country is made up of five major islands–Honshu is the largest and the densely populated one. In most parts of Japan, the land is unsuitable for farming and surrounded by high terrains. The only part of Japan that is generally flat and arable is in Tokyo and Kansai, where most of the major cities are located.
Despite the country’s lack of natural resources and its vulnerability to natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and strong typhoons, Japan remains one of the richest and most powerful countries in the world. I’ve been to several megacities, but Tokyo never ceases to amaze me. How can a densely populated city remain organized and clean?